Last week I got back from my trip to Argentina. The trip was over my spring break I met my parents there from the US we ended up going to Argentina as my father owns a leather furniture company and flies there about every 6weeks to discuss his leather colors designs and other problems. On my trip, we were able to accompany him to the tannery and finishing factory they are about 1 and a half away from each other. My father's furniture is assembled in the US and but dyed, cut and sewn down in Argentina. Argentina has some of the best leather and Beef in the world mainly impart to the cows the cows there are all Natural and Roam free, and the climate is perfect they don't overheat or are attacked by insects.
1)fresh hides are preserved in salt: the hides can last as long as necessary in the salt, though the salt hardens the hide which is needed as soft as possible for things such as handbags and leather furniture.
2) WASHED IN PURE WATER to get as much of the salt off as possible
3)The leather is spliced into two thinner more even pieces. or three , depending on how thick each split in two.
4) the hides are “washed” in several chemicals: this takes several hours, the hair dissolves and loses all pigment. the hair and particles are made into dog biscuits and bricks.
5) The Hide is now leather goes through another chemical process.
6) the leather is Dried,Pressed and sanded its dried goes through pressure of flattening the leather, then sanded out the imperfections.only corrected grain leather is sanded, that is about 90% of all leather. High end leather ( good hand bags and all our leather) is not sanded and original top grain is preserved, but show natural imperfections in real leather
8)The leather is dyed thru a revolving loop , that goes thru butane dryers, that takes 10-12 hours.
9) the leather is spliced to thin it again. to whatever the desired thickness is requested
10)the leather is solidly dried through air chambers.
11) the leather is squediged and then sits in air chambers that sucks out the remaining liquids. only a few pieces are done that way, called hand drying, highly limited due to labor costs
12) the leather is passed under spinning sprays of ANILINE finishes, other waxes and oils in separate processes.
13)the leather is rolled on hot roller with finish
14)the leather is ironed under hot rollers, the size of roller changes the gloss and different textures on the rollers.
15) for more intricate textures are EMBOSSED PATTERNS ARE pressed into the leather in 36 “ SQUARES
16) finally dried in tumble driers
17) the leather patterns are created in utah then turned into paper flat patterns.
18) the patterns are uploaded into a computer then a machine scans the leather to find impurities and measures the size and finds the best pieces and spaces to layout the pieces and then cuts them to that specificityan
19)the leather is sewn into the slips: the pieces are assembled in processes first by sewing details and pieces sepretly from “denims lining” and then by sewingg the pinioning into the slips. and finally by adding zippers.